Science

The Viziv surface wave system represents a paradigm shift in the science of electromagnetics.

WHAT IT IS

Our Viziv surface wave system allows the Earth itself to be used for clean, safe and efficient transfer of power between any two points on the globe, wirelessly. The system represents a paradigm shift in the science of electromagnetics.

Today’s power distribution system of wired grids is fragile and aging.  The transition to a global wireless system utilizing the Zenneck surface wave is a breakthrough that will effectively “cut the cord” between power generation facilities and the local distribution grids.  This breakthrough will significantly enhance energy surety, reliability, and resiliency of the world’s electrical distribution systems.

HOW IT WORKS

Viziv Technologies has developed a system of patent-pending processes and equipment to efficiently launch the Zenneck surface wave. Currently, our research and commercialization efforts are focused on energy transfer and communications, but we recognize that this technology has the potential to impact numerous sectors of the economy.

A Zenneck Surface Wave is an electromagnetic wave that uses the surface of the earth as a waveguide enabling it to carry communications signals or electrical power efficiently over long distances.

This wireless power system will employ a “transmitter probe,” located near a power generation plant, to launch a Zenneck carrier wave.  Receiver antennae will be positioned appropriately around the world to receive the signal and download the power into a local microgrid or conventional grid architecture.

The wave is impervious to weather effects such as lightning or geomagnetic disturbance or electromagnetic pulses (EMP), including those associated with a nuclear detonation.  Unlike a wired grid, the Zenneck wave cannot be physically attacked and cyber attacks would be challenged to target or cause cascading failures to a wireless system.

When launched, the Zenneck Surface Wave literally envelops the planet like a balloon, enabling transmitter probes to be placed anywhere power can be generated and receivers to be placed anywhere power is needed.

THE HISTORY OF THE ZENNECK SURFACE WAVE

Jonathan Zenneck (1871-1959) was one of the first known scientists to study electromagnetic wave propagation over the surface of the earth. With Zenneck surface waves, electrical power is directed along the earth’s surface, in much the same way that electrical power is directed through conventional transmission lines using electromagnetic waves. In the early years of the twentieth century, two theories of electromagnetic wave theory co-existed:  classic Hertzian radiated waves (ground waves) which are transmitted via conventional antennae on a line of sight path and dissipate over a distance into space.  And Zenneck Surface Waves which use the surface of the earth as a waveguide and travel at high levels of efficiency but had yet to be experimentally observed. Our technology uses only surface waves (guided surface waves), and not ground waves (radiated waves).

SAFE AND SECURE

When the power industry looks at safety, they focus on two key factors: the potential for shock, and the local RF field strengths. Viziv surface wave systems meet the most stringent standards for both.

Shock Hazard
Zenneck Surface Waves don’t deliver a shock for the same reason radio station signals don’t shock you. To create a shock, there must be a difference in voltage (or potential difference) between two points to overcome the resistance inherent in the material between the points. Your head and feet are a good example. Due to the low field strengths created by Viziv surface wave systems (much like broadcast radio or television), the voltage potential between them is not enough to create a shock hazard. In contrast, when you touch an electrical wire, the voltage potential between the wire and your feet can be extremely high, meaning current will flow and energy will be dissipated through you. This is why great care should always be used when working on traditional electrical wiring. Only through the use of precisely designed receivers can energy be transferred through Zenneck surface waves.

Field Intensity

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC), the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the American National Standard Institute (ANSI) have strict guidelines for RF exposure levels. These standards have been in place for decades. Those limits are more than ten times what will be produced by commercial Viziv surface wave systems.

COMMERCIALIZATION AND PATENTS

Viziv Technologies has a portfolio of over 60 U.S. and international granted patents. Additional patent applications are in development and more are expected.

  • 100+ Unique U.S. patents filed.
  • 760+ Pending patent filings (U.S. and International).
  • 65+ Patents granted (U.S. and International).